Located 15 km south of Siem Reap town, Tonlé Sap Lake, South East Asia’s largest, provides a home for three million people involved in fishing and agriculture. House boats, floating villages, shrimp and fish farms are all located on the shoreline and on the lake.
Between June to October, Tonlé Sap fills to to 14 meters in depth and expands to 10,000 square kilometers. In the dry season, from November to May, its size is reduced to 3,000 square kilometers and a depth of two meters. It hosts 300 species of fresh water fish and birdlife as well as snakes, crocodiles, tortoises, turtles and otters. More than 100 different varieties of water birds are found here. The 120 km long Tonlé Sap River connects the lake to the Mekong.