Dunfermline Abbey harks back to the 11th century though its centrepiece Romanesque nave is 12th-century. But the building’s glory days abruptly in 1560 when it was sacked during the Scottish Reformation and thereafter left in tatters.
The Abbey was founded by the devout Saint Margaret of Scotland – the mother to three kings of Scotland and responsible for establishing the first ferry service over the Firth of Forth: between North and South Queensferry, as they became known. The ferry was there in order ease the journey of pilgrims the the Abbey.
But all this is overshadowed by the presence of the remains of Robert the Bruce in the Abbey. Without his heart that is – which he’d requested be taken on a crusade to the Holy Land and which eventually ended up buried at Melrose Abbey. A plaque marks the grave of this hero of Bannockburn.