Description: The evidence of human presence in Frijoles Canyon dates back more than 11,000 years. More recently, by 1150 CE, Ancestral Puebloans took up permanent residence there, constructing dwellings on the canyon floor and dwelling in the Swiss-cheese-like cliff sides. Stop in the visitor center for interactive displays of the dwellings and to learn about Puebloan culture before heading out on the trails—and up the sometimes hundred-foot ladders in this one-of-a-kind living history destination. The monument’s trails extend far beyond the marquee attraction in Frijoles Canyon. Overall, the monument protects over 33,000 acres of rugged canyon country, about 70 percent of it federally protected wilderness, making this a fine hiking destination as well.